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Prevalent Types of Arthritis: what are they?

Arthritis is a common term that refers to a group of disorders affecting the joints, causing pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. With over 100 different types of arthritis, it's essential to understand the prevalent forms to recognize their symptoms, causes, and potential treatments. In this blog post, we'll delve into some of the most prevalent types of arthritis to provide you with a comprehensive overview.

1. Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis, often referred to as "wear and tear" arthritis. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of bones wears down over time, leading to joint pain, stiffness, and reduced flexibility. OA commonly affects weight-bearing joints like the knees, hips, and spine, as well as the hands.

Risk factors for OA include age, obesity, joint injuries, and genetics. While there's no cure for OA, treatments such as pain management, physical therapy, lifestyle changes, and sometimes surgery can help alleviate symptoms and improve the quality of life.

2. Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the joints. The immune system mistakenly attacks the synovium, the lining of the membranes that surround the joints, leading to inflammation, pain, and joint damage. RA often affects joints symmetrically and can also cause fatigue, fever, and general malaise.

Early diagnosis and aggressive treatment are crucial for managing RA and preventing joint damage. Medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes play a significant role in managing symptoms and slowing down the progression of the disease.

3. Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) is a type of arthritis that occurs in some individuals with psoriasis, a skin condition characterised by red, scaly patches. PsA can affect any joint and often leads to joint pain, stiffness, and swelling. Additionally, it can cause changes in the nails and surrounding tissue. PsA is often treated with a combination of medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle adjustments. Treating both the skin and joint symptoms is crucial for managing this type of arthritis effectively.

4. Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis that primarily affects the spine and sacroiliac joints in the pelvis. It causes pain and stiffness, and over time, the affected vertebrae may fuse together, leading to a loss of flexibility. AS can also affect other joints and lead to fatigue.

Exercise, physical therapy, and medications are often recommended to manage AS symptoms and maintain joint mobility. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to preventing severe spinal deformities.

5. Gout

Gout is a form of arthritis caused by the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints, leading to sudden and severe joint pain, redness, and swelling. It commonly affects the big toe but can also occur in other joints.

Although gout is commonly associated with older people, the number of young people in their 20s being diagnosed with gout has significantly increased.

Dietary changes, medications, and lifestyle adjustments can help manage gout by reducing uric acid levels in the body and preventing flare-ups.

Understanding the prevalent types of arthritis is crucial for recognizing their symptoms, seeking early diagnosis, and implementing effective treatments. While there's no one-size-fits-all solution for arthritis management, a combination of medication, physical therapy, lifestyle adjustments, and a strong support system can significantly improve the quality of life for those living with arthritis. If you or someone you know is experiencing joint pain or related symptoms, consulting a healthcare professional is the first step toward proper diagnosis and treatment.


Image: Canva

Written by Adelaide

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